District Gurgaon of Haryana: The district headquarter is situated in Gurgaon city. Other smaller towns are Nuh, Ferozepur Jhirka, Sohna, and Pataudi. Total area of the district is 2,105 sq km and its population is 11,46,000.
Because of its close proximity to Delhi and excellent infrastructure, Gurgaon has become one of the most important corporate and industrial hubs of India. The corporate office and manufacturing plant of India's largest car maker Maruti Udyog Limited (promoted by Suzuki Motors) is situated here, as are a large number other industries. The main manufacturing unit of Hero Honda is also situated in Gurgaon. Other areas in which Gurgaon is excelling are the Information Technology (IT) industry, Software development and Call Centers.
In Mahabharat times, Gurgaon was a thick forest where the ashram of Guru Dronacharya existed. It was here that Pandav and Kourav princes got their training in arms and warfare. Because of Guru Dronacharya's ashram, people started calling it the 'Gurugram' which later on changed into 'Gurgaon'. This place had been gifted by Yudhister to Guru Dronacharya, as 'guru-dakshina'.
The Sultanpur national park and bird sanctuary as well as the Sohna tourist complex lies in Gurgaon district.
To cater to the corporate clientele, many top class Shopping malls and five star hotels, like The Radisson, have sprung up in Gurgaon. Major information technology (IT) companies like HCL, Hughes Software, TCS, Alcatel, IBM and GE Capital have set their offices at Gurgaon.