Black Francolin - Photo © Rajiv Lather
Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus), also called Black Partridge, is a scarce breeding resident in Haryana and many other
parts of India. This bird is found near cultivation and wetlands. Black Francolin is the state bird
Order: GALLIFORMES Family: Phasianidae Hindi Name: Kala Teetar Food:
Grain, grass seeds, shoots, insects, ants
Identification: Size 34 cm. The male is black with white patch on the cheek, a chestnut collar and white spots on the flanks. The back and wings are scalloped with
shades of golden brown with sub-terminal tawny-buff bands and pale edges. Tail is black with narrow white bars. Legs are reddish-brown to red. Female similar to the male,
but is paler, with wider brown bars on the lower back, the white cheek patch is missing and the chestnut collar replaced by a nuchal patch.